Chemical

Information about the faculty

 

In 1972 on the basis of chair of chemistry of the faculty of natural study of the Karaganda state pedagogical institute to open the Faculty of Chemistry. The big role in the organization, formation, definition and development of scientific directions of the Faculty belongs to the first rector of the University, the leading scientist and metallurgist to academician E.A.Buketov.

Mission of chemical faculty consists in preparation of the highly skilled experts possessing fundamental knowledge and capable innovations to effective introduction in the field of the chemical industry, science and education.

Today the Faculty of Chemistry is the centre of chemistry consisting of four letting out chairs largest in region in which work 8 doctors (professors) and 40 candidates (senior lecturers) of chemical sciences. At the Faculty of Chemitry the Scientific research institute on chemical problems functions.

The Faculty of chemistry conducts preparation of highly skilled experts in multistage system: BD, MD, postgraduate study, doctoral studies. Preparation of experts is made in the Kazakh, Russian and English languages. Students of 1-4 courses of a day-time schedule are trained on credit technology, and part-time students are under the remote form of training.

Now the Faculty carries out preparation of bachelors on following specialities: 050606 – “Chemistry” (natural study), 050112 – “Chemistry” (formation), 050720 – «Chemical technology of inorganic substances» and 050721 – «Chemical technology of organic substances»; masters on specialities: 6N0606 – “Chemistry”, 6N0721 – «Chemical technology of organic substances», 6N0112 – “Chemistry” (formation).

In 2008 Republican council about experimental programs has resolved preparation in the University doctors PhD on specialities «Pharmaceutical chemistry» and «Chemical technology». This year the first set in doctoral studies has been made.

At faculty 4 chairs function: inorganic and technical chemistry, organic chemistry and polymers, physical and analytical chemistry, chemical technology and ecology.

The basic directions of scientific researches of the chairs:

  • Synthesis and researches of new inorganic, organic, complex connections and materials with the set properties
  • Studying and introduction of innovative methods of training of chemistry in base, profile and the higher school
  • Katalitichesky oil refining, gas and coal in liquid and gaseous products
  • Hydrometallurgical processes of manufacture of copper
  • Electro-katalitichesky processes at reception of new organic substances
  • Chemistry of phosphor connections
  • Chemistry of polymers
  • Chemistry of carbonates
  • Reactionary ability of organic connections

Today much work is done on creation of a consortium with a number of foreign partners. The consortium purpose – joint participation in performance of the projects financed by EU. Now the arrangement with known in area nano-technological centers of science of Germany, the Netherlands, France, Russia, Uzbekistan is reached. Cooperation with participants of the scientific groups from the EU countries Goethe, Institute of high-molecular connections of the Russian Academy of Sciences, the Moscow State University.

For the purpose to increase level of high school and post-graduate preparations for MD students have been organized foreign training. MD students of the Faculty of Chemistry there have passed scientific training in the Czech technical university, Tomsk polytechnical university, Institute of high-molecular connections of the Russian Academy of Sciences (St.-Petersburg), Institute of organic chemistry of N.D.Zelinsky (Moscow).

For the period 2008-2009- 36 articles in foreign editions, from them in the far abroad 12 are published, during the previous period was 8. In the countries of the near abroad over 24 publications, last year 20. In republican editions about 59 articles, last year 52.

Scientific researches of the Faculty

The main strategic directions on which the chemistry today develops become: chemical synthesis, chemical materials technology, management of chemical processes, chemical technology, a chemical analytics and diagnostics, chemistry of a life, etc.

Scientific schools of the Faculty of Chemistry of the Buketov Karaganda state university are focused on the decision of the general problems of chemistry. The strong basis for development of a chemical science at the University was introduced by the first rector of the University academician E.A.Buketov. In 1972 on the basis of chemistry chair the Faculty of Chemistry is opened. For the short term thanks to innovative activity of the academician E.A.Buketov and its colleagues – academicians Muldahmetov Z.M., Zhurinov M. ZH, Bekturganov N.S., Zharmenov A.A., Gazaliev A.M., Adekenov S.M., etc. the Faculty is noted in the Book of Honour, it is noted by medals of All-Union and Republican reviews and competitions, on the basis of the University and Chemical and metallurgical institute the All-Union meetings on chemistry and technology are held.

Impressing successes are reached by scientists of the University in synthesis of new inorganic, organic and polymeric connections. They are estimated in thousand of new connections possessing valuable properties in practice. At the chair of inorganic and technical chemistry the works devoted to a fundamental direction of research of inorganic connections, based by academician E.A.Buketov in chemistry and technology of halcogenes. By professor Rustembekov K.T. and its pupils are synthesised and studied selenium and tellurium, their physical and chemical, thermo chemical, electrochemical properties.

For the purpose of reception of new medical products, softeners and stabilizers, additives to lubricant oils, monomers for synthesis of fire-resistant polymeric materials, fabrics, synthetic pitches etc., the group of scientists under the guidance of Professor Salkeyev L.K. develops main principles of operated synthesis of new connections of phosphorus. It is shown, that phosphorus connections slow down process of burning of some materials (for example, wood), up to full attenuation of a flame.

One of the central directions in modern conventional oncology is the boron neutron grasping therapy of a cancer, owing to a number of technical, financial and other factors, considered alternative, or, even an experimental kind of treatment. The essence of this method consists that the preparation containing boron or other elements is entered into a tumour, possessing considerable section of capture of thermal neutrons. At the subsequent neutron irradiation as a result of capture of neutrons in a tumour there is an instant secondary radiation which destroys tumoral cells. Scientists all over the world work under the development of this method. In Kazakhstan Professor Kazantsev А.V. has devoted his active work to synthesis and research of properties of new boron organic connections. He and his followers received hundreds of new derivatives of carboron, possessing a wide spectrum of biological activity. The scientists of the University managed to include to the structure of organic connections a boron-10 that should affect efficiency of treatment positively. It is known that the increase of entered into an organism in the substances boron strengthens efficiency of influence of a bunch of neutrons on tumoral cells. However for today a neutron grasping therapy is not applied yet to treatment of people. Clinical tests are abroad successful, but before its introduction into wide practice there should pass years. Professor Kazantsev A.V. continues to work over creation of new derivatives of boron connections. These work gives a real hope to mankind in struggle with oncological diseases.

The increasing distribution practically in all spheres of human activity is found today in constructional materials on a polymeric basis. The scientific direction of synthesis and research of properties of polymers at the University is connected with the name of the known scientist, the founder of polymeric school in the Central Kazakhstan, Doctor of Chemistry, Professor O.Sh.Kurmanaliyev. Under his management works have been performed on synthesis of new polymers on a basis mono – di – and vinyl acetate monomer, ways of reception on their basis phlotoreagen, flocculant, ionite, inhibitor of metals corrosion, anti-microbic and growth stimulating agents are developed. Semi-industrial tests of polymers for the declared properties in the conditions of concentrating combines, chemical plants are conducted, offers on introduction are given. During last years of work of the scientific group headed by the follower of Kurmanaliyev O. Sh. Professor Burkeyev M. Zh. focused on modern directions of development of a polymeric science – creation of the intellectual polymeric materials representing hydrogels susceptible to external conditions. The synthesised polymeric gels are capable in tens and hundreds times to change the external sizes in reply to insignificant fluctuations of conditions of environment. This property of gels is used for reception on their basis medicinal forms of various preparations and a matrix for reception and storage of nano-catalysts. As a whole the medical subjects of application of polymers are rather perspective and interest to the foreign colleagues working in similar area. Under the guidance of the professor Burkeev M. Zh. together with laboratory of chemistry of polymers of Eindhoven Technological university (Netherlands) is received polymer anti-tubercular preparations. Scientists of the University and group of Professor J.Kroiter on the basis of joint researches of institute of pharmaceutical technology of University of J.V.Goethe (Frankfurt on Main, Germany) on creation of nano-fractions «Arglabin» are carried out. Thus, the sphere of researches directed originally on synthesis, in the given context mentions the spheres of nano-technologies and materials technology.

The substance itself is not a material, it is only its predecessor. First of all, the substance must work as a material, it is necessary to define its characteristics and applicability borders that is a problem of chemical materials technology. Here we may refer works of scientists of the Buketov Karaganda State University under the guidance of professor Masalimov A.S. Regular researches in the field of fundamental chemistry are conducted, in particular, physics and chemistry of rapid nanosecond acid-basic reactions in the condensed environments. Application for these purposes of a method of modern theoretical chemistry and applied quantum chemistry that is the dynamic EPR-SPECTROSCOPY, allows to receive the valuable information on an electronic structure of reacting particles, and also to watch time evolution of the acid-basic molecular systems carried out in a nanosecond time range. Spin probes and corresponding software products will be offered for introduction in EPR-SPECTROSCOPY of biological and medical systems. The laboratory of EPR-SPECTROSCOPY of the Buketov Karaganda State University carries out joint researches with similar laboratories INEOS of the Russian Academy of Sciences (Moscow) and Norfolks University (Virginia, the USA).

One of scientific directions of scientists of the University is creation of quantitative methods of an estimation of relative reactionary ability of organic connections. They are based on the fact testifying, that between a spatial structure of a molecule and it external evident properties a close connection exists. These works conducted at the University under the guidance of professor Ajapbergenov K.A., concern to a huge layer of the researches directed on understanding of molecular mechanisms of interaction of various connections that approaches scientists to the decision of the major problem of a modern science – management of chemical processes.

Today the chemical industry lets out some tens thousand names of production. Exclusively important role is played by chemical products and processes in power which uses energy of chemical reactions. For the power purposes many products of oil refining (gasoline, kerosene, and black oil), stone and brown coal, slate and peat are used. In connection with reduction of natural stocks of oil synthetic fuel is developed by chemical processing of various natural raw materials and production wastes. This direction of researches, initiated by E.A.Buketov, continue and his followers, and pupils under the guidance of professor Bajkenov M. I. Scientists of the University develop a way of reception of light oil fractions (gasoline, diesel fuel etc.) from high-viscous oil and coal pitch methods of cavitation and the pulse category. Results of research testify, that the maintenance of petrol fraction in investigated objects after processing increases to 20 %, diesel fuel to 35 %, thus from a mix of heavy hydrocarbons the phenol leaves, which limits application of heavy oil and coal pitch as boiler fuel. The decision of the task in view considered in a context of chemical technology, will allow not only to improve the “know-how” of motor fuel, to provide modern technological design of process, but also will eliminate a number accompanying technological and environmental problems. In this direction researchers of the University closely co-operate with scientific groups of Institute of organic synthesis and chemistry of coal and Al-Farabi KazNU. Works on coal liquation and heavy oil rests have attracted attention of the scientists from the USA, China, etc. Today the University realizes the Chinese-Kazakhstan project: «Technology of processing of coals of the Central Kazakhstan and northern foot of mountains Tjan-Shanja China in liquid and gaseous products».

To other scientific directions in the field of chemical technology it is necessary to carry works of group of scientists under the guidance of professor Omarov Kh.B. Scientists on the basis of the analysis of a modern condition of a problem of a withdrawal of arsenic from solutions of copper manufacture in ecologically safe forms reveal actual directions of perfection of technologies of processing of the fulfilled solutions of copper-electrolyte manufactures. It is established, that the most effective and perspective are the methods providing preliminary clearing of electrolyte from impurity – arsenic and antimony. Physical and chemical researches have allowed to reveal new sources of reception of ammonia for realization of ammoniac technology of processing of copper electrolyte, to develop a number of new technological decisions of reception of ammonia from a waste chemical-recovery manufactures, ammonium formic-acid, the requirement in which is tested by a gold mining. The production technology of ammoniac water is placed in operation on “Innovator” floor spaces (Karaganda, Southern industrial zone). By the results of tests the ways of perfection of technology of processing of the copper electrolyte, providing reception copper vitriol of high grades with an arsenic withdrawal in the form of barium arsenate and arsenic sulphide – thermo-dynamically stable and suitable for storage and a burial place of connections are offered.

Progress of chemical materials technology and chemical technology is impossible without a reliable chemical analytics and diagnostics. This roughly developing direction with huge technical “exits” in all areas – from systems of the technogenic control to medicine and ecology. The layer of these researches in the University accustoms scientists under the guidance of professor Amerkhanova Sh.K. Developed by authors a method of definition of ions of heavy metals to sewage with the help of chalcogenids gauges is introduced at enterprise “Arcelor Mittal Temirtau”. Researches on studying of physical and chemical, electrochemical, thermodynamic and electrochemical characteristics of chalcogenids of transitive metals proceed.

At last, chemistry of live – the huge chemical galaxy, which else it is necessary to master. Biochemistry and chemistry of natural substances, phyto chemistry, science about enzymes, medical and pharmaceutical chemistry, gene engineering, biotechnology and many other work on it.

Researches are spent within the limits of target republican programs, programs of fundamental and applied researches, programs of initiative and risk scientific researches on concluded themes. Annually scientists of the Faculty of Chemistry give reports on the results at the international conferences, publish works in leaders scientific issues, support tens patents. Young teachers take part in work of scientific directions, PhD, MD and BD students along with known scientists.

Contact information:

Faculty of Chemistry 
Dean: Tazhbayev Yerkeblan Muratovich.
tel: (7212)34-19-40
e-mail: kargu_chem@ksu.kz

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