Geobotany - the science of the features of plant communities (phytocenoses) gradually turning into each other (replacing each other in time and space). It forms in undergraduates the concepts about plant communities, as the basis of vegetation and the most important parts of the biogeocenosis that determine the existence of all living organisms. Specialists in geobotany can analyze and describe plant communities, work at the herbarium level, on the basis of a comparative analysis, summarize and identify the causes - the effect relationships between plants and their environment.
Methods of stationary geobotanical research; Study of the underground part of grassy phytocenoses and plants in them; Studying seed reproduction and renewal of plant communities; Methods of route and semi-stationary geobotanical study of forest vegetation.
Geological cartography; Soil cartography; Socio-economic cartography; Cartographic image methods; Design and mapping; Mathematical cartography; Cartographic informatics.
Human influence on vegetation; Study of the area; Floristic division of the globe; Vegetation of the Earth and its distribution; Zonality of natural conditions and territories; Brief description of floristic kingdoms.
Factors of soil formation and the essence of the soil-forming process. Soil morphology; Organic and organic matter in soils. The chemical composition of soil and soil-forming rocks; Soil colloids, soil absorption capacity. Soil moisture, water properties and soil water regime. Soil air and soil air regime ; Granulometric soil composition and its significance. Soil mineralogical composition; Physical features of soil.
Geobotanists work in scientific and research centers, laboratories. They engage in the development and coordination of environmental protection documents in the state organizations. They compile the necessary reports and documentation on environmental protection. Also, geobotanists work in forest areas and livestock farms, in nature reserves, parks, and can work in environmental organizations.
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